By Charlie G ❘ 2011

Although I try to focus my posts about my research and experiences concerning the cure of diabetes, and I never tried to explain what is diabetes, what types of diabetes are there, which are the symptoms of diabetes…(mainly because there are lots of other webs already explaining and defining that) I realized that some visitors of this blog could not know that yet and that it would be easier for them to find all that information in one place.

Well then, I start today with the topic: types of diabetes.

The four main types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, type 1.5 (LADA) and gestational diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes was formerly known as “Juvenile Diabetes” due to its propensity to affect a person during their childhood up to their early adulthood. It is also known as “Insulin Dependent Diabetes” since the person with this type of diabetes is contingent upon insulin injections in order to stay alive. Type 1 Diabetes is the most serious and least common of all three diabetes.

The reason for Type 1 Diabetes is normally pancreatic malfunction due to an autoimmune break down. With Type 1 Diabetes, the pancreas is attacked until it is left permanently damaged and unable to produce insulin on its own. Since an individual with Type 1 Diabetes does not generate any insulin (or not enough), their intake of insulin is measured meticulously.

Risk to those who suffer with Type 1 Diabetes is a condition called hyperglycemia or high blood-sugar. Hyperglycemia is a surplus of blood sugar and symptoms include hunger, excessive thirst, tiredness, blurred vision, nausea, increased urination, yeast infections, genital inflammation, and perhaps vomiting. Another condition known as hypoglycemia is also a risk of Type 1 Diabetes. This is where there is a lack of blood sugar (maybe caused by an excess of insulin dosis). Symptoms include confusion, anxiety, lethargy, dizziness, and fever like symptoms.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes used to be called “Adult Onset Diabetes“, but not anymore. Today, children around the globe are developing Type 2 Diabetes every year. Fast food, lack of exercise, and childhood obesity can be the main culprits. The key cause for Type 2 Diabetes is not the breakdown of the pancreas, but because of unhealthy lifestyles. When an individual has persistently overloaded their body with sugar and refined flours and fats, this creates consistent blood sugar levels that the insulin and pancreas have to tussle with. The insulin leads the sugar into the muscles, however, the muscles cannot get rid of the glucose due to lack of exercise. The consequence is an accretion of blood sugar for extended amounts of time. This leads to “Insulin Resistance“, which is the chief cause of Type 2 Diabetes.

When an individual becomes insulin resistant, their muscles and other possible passages for the glucose, start to oppose entry of the insulin, so no glucose is delivered. Although the main treatment for this type of diabetes is metformin or other drugs, many doctors are saying now that Type 2 Diabetes requires no medication but more exercise and keep-up a healthy diet in order to manage their blood sugar levels (read “The 30 Day Diabetes Cure” for a reference).

Latent Autoinmune Diabetes of Adults (LADA)

This type of diabetes, also know as Type 1.5 diabetes, refers to a slow-onset Type 1 autoimmune diabetes in adults.

LADA is an hereditary autoimmune disorder that results in the body mistaking the pancreas as foreign and responding by attacking and destroying the insulin-producing beta islet cells of the pancreas: some kind of an “allergy to self.”

Adults with LADA are frequently initially misdiagnosed as having Type 2 diabetes, based on age, not etiology.

A way that doctors have to determine if a non-obese adult has LADA instead of Type 2 diabetes is by performing islet cell, insulin, and GAD antibodies testing.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes is a temporary type of diabetes that affects around 2-3% of pregnant women, and usually goes away after the pregnancy is over. This type of diabetes can be very complicated to diagnose because many symptoms are similar to those of a normal pregnancy. Symptoms like blurred vision, tiredness, increased appetite and urination, in addition to thirst, are all potential symptoms of a standard pregnancy.

However, Gestational Diabetes is a serious form of diabetes. If it is not diagnosed, Gestational Diabetes can have harsh injurious effects on the baby, which could lead to the baby being either stillborn, or possible death not long after birth. Gestational diabetes could also leave the child and mother with an increased risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes later on in their lives.

More about the possible causes of diabetes here.


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